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July 2019

Heel pain is a very common ailment that can be caused by a variety of factors. Heel pain can range from a bruise or a stress fracture, to plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendonitis. The heel bone sits at the back of the foot beneath the ankle. Along with surrounding tissue, the heel bone works to provide balance and side-to-side movement of the back of the foot. If you are unsure of the cause of the symptoms of heel pain, it is important to seek medical attention. The signs that you should look for include an inability to walk comfortably on the affected side, signs of an infection, swelling or discoloration on the back of the foot and heel pain that persists beyond a few days. The heel condition can be diagnosed through your medical history or through physical examinations such as blood work and X-rays. If you are experiencing heel pain, it is advised that you visit with a podiatrist to discuss the best course of action. 

 

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact Dr. Richard T. Bauer of Summit Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Latham, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain
Monday, 22 July 2019 00:00

Who Does Sever’s Disease Affect?

The medical condition that is referred to as Sever’s disease affects the growth plate in the heel. It typically occurs during a growth spurt that happens during puberty. The people that may experience this are teenagers who participate in running and jumping activities, and the growth plate may become injured. The symptoms that are commonly associated with this condition include heel pain, limping, and the feet may feel stiff upon arising in the morning. Mild relief can be found when shoe inserts are worn which can help to protect the heel, and wearing an elastic bandage may aid in reducing existing pain and swelling. If you notice your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist, who can properly diagnosis and treat Sever’s disease.

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Dr. Richard T. Bauer from Summit Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Latham, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

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Monday, 15 July 2019 00:00

Bones and Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are known to be small cracks in the bones. They develop as a result of repetitive movements that can come from participating in various sporting activities. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this condition include extreme tenderness in and around the affected area, and consistent pain that does not disappear with extended rest periods. Mild relief may be found when the sporting activity is ceased until the foot is completely healed. Many patients find wearing a cast or splint beneficial in accelerating the healing process, and taking pain medication can be useful in diminishing some of the pain and discomfort. Research has indicated stress fractures may be prevented by eating a diet that consists of foods that have adequate amounts of vitamin D and calcium. Additionally, it helps to properly stretch the leg and foot muscles before participating in a chosen sporting activity. If you have endured a stress fracture, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist who can guide you toward the correct treatment.

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Dr. Richard T. Bauer from Summit Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Latham, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Sunday, 14 July 2019 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet.

Want to wear open toe shoes again? ...Special occasion? Vacation? ...You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails.

The medical condition that is referred to as hammertoe can happen by wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. This may cause the middle toes to bend downward at the joint and resemble a hammer. This ailment often promotes an imbalance in the adjoining muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and many patients notice pain and discomfort. If the toes stay in a bent position for an extended period of time, they may become difficult to straighten out. Genetic factors may also play a significant role in developing hammertoe, in addition to existing medical conditions that may include diabetes or arthritis. If hammertoe is left untreated, corns, calluses and sores may form on top of the toes, and this can cause pain while wearing shoes. If you have hammertoe, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the proper treatment techniques.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Richard T. Bauer of Summit Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Latham, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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The purpose of the peripheral nerves is to send messages to the nerves in the body, which affect sensation. Peripheral neuropathy can occur if there are complications with this group of nerves. The symptoms that are often associated with this condition can include tingling in the feet and hands, numbness, and muscle weakness. There may be existing medical conditions that can lead to peripheral neuropathy, which can include diabetes. Mild relief can be found if certain prescription medications are taken, and these may be helpful in reducing any burning and shooting pains that exist. If you have a tingling sensation in your feet, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can guide you toward the correct treatment.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Richard T. Bauer from Summit Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Latham, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy
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